Considers (82) S.J. Res. 151.
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Background. The United States acquired the islands of Puerto Rico in after the Spanish–American , Congress enacted legislation (P.L. ) authorizing Puerto Rico to hold a constitutional convention and in , the people of Puerto Rico ratified a constitution establishing a republican form of government for the island. After being approved by Congress and the President in. Preamble . We, the people of Puerto Rico, in order to organize ourselves politically on a fully democratic basis, to promote the general welfare, and to secure for ourselves and our posterity the complete enjoyment of human rights, placing our trust in Almighty God, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the commonwealth which, in the exercise of our natural rights, we now create. Filed under: Puerto Rico -- Politics and government -- The Tricontinental Conference: A Declaration of War (Miami: Dist. by Truth About Cuba Committee, ca. ), by Luis V. Manrara (page images at Miami) Castro's Puerto Rican Obsession (CANF pamphlet #21; ), by Cuban American National Foundation (U.S.) (multiple formats at. Approving Puerto Rican Constitution: hearings before the United States Senate Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, Eighty-Second Congress, second session, on Apr. 29, May 6, (Washington: U.S. G.P.O., ), by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs (page images at HathiTrust).
A referendum on a new constitution was held in Puerto Rico on 3 March It was approved by % of voters. This was considered by many US and Puerto Rican politicians an affirmation of the new constitution of the island as an Estado Libre Associado, or Commonwealth, as proposed by legislation in by the US Congress after negotiation with its political leaders. Etymology. Puerto Ricans often call the island Borinquen - a derivation of Borikén, its indigenous Taíno name, which means "Land of the Valiant Lord".    The terms boricua and borincano derive from Borikén and Borinquen respectively, and are commonly used to identify someone of Puerto Rican heritage. The island is also popularly known in Spanish as la isla del encanto, meaning. Beginning in , Puerto Ricans could elect their own governor, and in the U.S. Congress approved a new Puerto Rican constitution that made the island an autonomous U.S. commonwealth, with. The Puerto Rico National Guard (PRNG)—Spanish: Guardia Nacional de Puerto Rico—is the national guard of Puerto mission is to provide soldiers and airmen to the United States Army and U.S. Air Force in national emergencies or when requested by the president of the United States, and to perform military operations at the state level or any other lawful service as requested by the Branch: United States Army.
The battle in Puerto Rico was over. By no means had it been bloodless. Eighteen Nacionalistas had been killed and eleven wounded. Seven policemen and a Guardsman were killed while twenty-one police officers and eleven soldiers were wounded. A fireman and two civilians also died during the gunfights. After his arrest, a still defiant Albizu Campos declared that the “nation was undergoing a. In , then-US President Barack Obama signed into law the Puerto Rico Oversight, Management, and Economic Stability Act (PROMESA), a measure responsible for “restructuring [the island’s] debt, and [expediting] procedures for approving critical infrastructure projects” in Puerto Rico. Ironically, or perhaps euphemistically, the word promesa in Spanish means promise. The political parties were just too weak to stop the PPD. The Nacionalistas, however, had long ago shunned the electoral process as a means to obtain their goals. A violent confrontation pitting the nationalists’ Ejército Libertador and the Puerto Rico National Guard and Insular Police was about to shock the island. The nationalist leader Pedro Albizu Campos, who had been convicted of. On 25 July the bill approving the new Puerto Rican Constitution was signed into law by President Harry S. Truman. Henceforth the governor and legislature of Puerto Rico would be elected by the people resident on the island, and domestic affairs would largely pass into their control.